Carlisle’s turbulent past as a border fortress of England is reflected by the earliest material of the social history collection. As the threat of warfare and invasion receded the city began to prosper and the collection represents this civic history and Georgian domesticity.

 

The Border Reivers

For three hundred years the Anglo-Scottish border was a dangerous frontier region where despoiled land, theft and massacre were regular occurrences.  The people of the Borders lived in a bleak war zone and adapted to survive by using their skills as light horsemen, skirmishers and cattle rustlers....

Carlisle and the 1745 Jacobite rebellion

The Jacobites were an army of soldiers who supported the restoration of the Stuarts to the British throne. The Jacobite title came from ‘Jacobus’ which means James in Latin and was named after those who supported James II in the previous risings in 1689 and 1715 and, in 1745, his exiled son “The ...